Final Cut Pro 10.3 Tutorial Round Up
- What’s new in FCPX 10.3.3
- Tutorials for better editing in FCPX 10.3+
- In-depth workflow resources for TV and Film
Final Cut Pro was recently updated to version 10.3.3 with some helpful improvements to the increasingly popular NLE.
This list highlights some of the new improvements in this fairly small dot update:
- Ability to expand the width of the Inspector to view and adjust effect parameters
- Fixes issues with updating older libraries
- Faster redraw of audio waveforms when using clips that are being imported while recorded to disk
- Diamond icon in the Timeline Index to show when the user has modified display of roles in the timeline
- More colour options in the Role Editor
- Support for Canon Log 3 and Sony S-Log3/S-Gamut3 log processing
For a lot more detail about the much larger update in the 10.3 version of FCPX, check out this massive round up of resources on making the most of the new features.
For a 7 minute opinion piece on FCPX, from Sven Pape (This Guy Edits) check out the video above. If you’re considering giving FCPX a try, there’s never been a better time to do so!
The number one thing for me is the magnetic timeline. It’s scary when you look at it and you don’t understand it at first. It’s the hardest thing to learn on FCPX and it’s the biggest thing.
If you’ve seen the movie “Minority Report”, you might remember the scene where Tom Cruise is moving all these images around. Think of Tom Cruise as the magnetic timeline. You don’t have to decide on what track the audio will live for the video. It’ll find its spot.
All you have to do is focus on story.
For more wisdom from Sven, check out my interview with him here, or this post on Tips for Switching NLE, for help on making the leap into FCPX for the first time.
Tips on Using FCPX for the First Time
— Alex Gollner (@Alex4D) April 14, 2017
Editor and technology pundit Alex Golner recently shared this post commenting on assistant editor Chris Chapman’s extremely detailed post of his experience of working in FCPX, for a couple of weeks on a personal project.
This article is a written account of my hands-on experiences with FCPX over the course of two weeks, and details what I have found whilst experimenting and using the program. What I’ve included isn’t necessarily the only way to do things, and there will likely be things I don’t know or have gotten wrong, there have been sections already re-written after checking if what I remembered was correct; so if you as a reader believe I have anything wrong, please let me know. And I hope you find my account of FCPX useful for anyone reading this.
I thought I’d include it here as it’s always encouraging, when you’re attempting to use a piece of software for the first time, to hear how other folk are fairing and what their work-arounds were. Chris covers a lot of topics including how he organised and set up his media, interface functionality like scrubbing, colour coding etc, as well as many general editing topics like colour grading, transitions, exporting and more.
Alex suggests a good idea for editors who have a lot of experience in a specific NLE who are looking to try another FCPX for the first time:
When talking to those with a great deal of experience in another NLE, I suggest that they try Final Cut by doing a project that is very different from what they usually do. Feature editors should try to make a music video. Documentary videos should try to cut a short film. Fast turnaround editors should try to cut a short documentary.
That means they will be able to use Final Cut’s ways of doing things without constantly comparing them to they way they use Media Composer of Premiere every day.
One of the things that Chris found difficult was the ability to perform 3-point edits with any precision.
This appears to be very difficult also due to the requirement of ‘gap’, which as far as I’m aware is a main staple in most people’s editing arsenal. FCPX allows you to put down in’s and out’s on the timeline but they have to be placed over existing media, or gap. This makes accurate 3-point edits feel difficult for anything other than replacing clips which can be done easier by dragging a new clip over an old one.
Chris’ whole post is well worth a read in detail here, and he will probably update it over time.
Alex is exceptionally generous to the FCPX community and gives away an astounding collection of free plugins on his site.
FCPX Tips and Training Tutorials
In this “tutorial” Charlie Austin demonstrates how to perform a versioning workflow using Roles in FCPX. The kicker to why you would want to spend the time setting up these Share Presets comes at about 7.27 minutes in.
This is also a great tutorial for anyone looking to learn how to create split-track masters out of FCPX, and how to re-arrange those track layouts for future use.
At about 8.40 Charlie also demonstrates how to use the new Roles based mixing functionality to achieve the same versioning workflow, leveraging sub-roles.
I’ve been doing this for a long time, and versioning is a pain in the butt. In FCPX it’s not a pain in the butt. It’s easy.
For a LOT more detail about the new mixing capabilities Roles bring in 10.3 check out this previous post which covers the new features in FCPX in epic detail.
For a comprehensive written guide to making the most of Roles in all aspects of your editing workflow in FCPX, check out Nick Harauz’s post on FCP.co.
Nick covers topics including: what roles are and how they work in various parts of the interface, creating Roles automatically on import, audio mixing with Roles and exporting with them too.
If you select an audio lane in the timeline index, you can rearrange the order. You can also disable an individual lane, expand/collapse a lane to reveal/hide any sub-roles and focus on a lane to isolate audio from within one role, while minimising all the others.
For a handy tip for importing custom audio folders into FCPX 10.3.2, the Ripple Training series Final Cut Pro X – In Under 5 Minutes has you covered.
The purpose of this tip is to demonstrate how you can seamlessly access your personally collected library of sound effects or royalty free music, and have them appear in FCPX every time you need them.
The system folder you need to place your Alias links into is:
Mac HD > Library > Audio > Apple Loops > Apple > Final Cut Pro Sound Effects
In this short tip from the Macbreak Studio boys, you can learn how to record voice over into FCPX and have it appear in a specific audio lane and at a specific time in the timeline, in under 5 minutes. Useful.
While we’re on the subject of audio tips, in this MacBreak Studio episode Steve shares a great tip on replacing sections of audio with a segment of room tone in a couple of clicks. Being able to polish up your audio in this way saves a lot of time.
In another 10.3 tutorial Mark and Steve share a tip to remedy a problem with the new way the Delete key works in FCPX 10.3.
The keyboard command needed to delete a selected audio range is ‘Delete Selection Only’ (CMD+Option+Delete) although Steve chooses to reassign the D key for efficiency.
For a final tip from the boys Mark shares some custom keyboard commands he has added to the FCPX keyboard commands to improve the efficiency of working with audio in FCPX 10.3
Toggling the new audio lanes feature on and off. Normally, you need to first open the Timeline Index, then click the Show Audio Lanes button. But since there is a command in the Command Editor associated with this button, we can invoke it with a keyboard shortcut. I use Shift-L for this purpose.
Tony Gallardo has created a really useful custom Slate Title, which you can download for free from his site, to help keep your deliverables well labelled and comprehensible to those who receive them.
The Slate title is inside a Library, I have created a project that has the Slate title, some audio beeps and 2-pop along with a slug/fill. Total time is 5 seconds, adjust it to your needs. It has helped speed up my process and hopefully it will for you too.
In this short presentation from a recent LACPUG meet up, you can hoover up 10 tips and tricks when editing in FCPX 10.3
Tips include toggling on continuous playback, keyboard shortcuts for adding in fade handles, trimming connected clips, navigating clips via the keyboard and much more!
In this FCPX in Under 5 Minutes episode Mark Spencer shares a tip from his Ripple Training title Warp Speed Editing, on using Markers in your editing workflow. Which are especially handy for working through client feedback notes.
Thomas Grove Carter is seemingly one of the most interesting editors cutting in FCPX today and he’s going to speaking at NAB next week on cutting Ed Sheeran’s latest music video, which currently has over 152 million views on YouTube.
In the video above filmed in London as part of the FCPX World Tour, Thomas demonstrates how to ‘edit at the speed of thought’, and his general workflow when cutting in FCPX.
Alex Golner helpfully provided a time coded breakdown of the demo in the original Vimeo comments, which I’ve copied below:
Alex Golner: Great work – explains a lot in a very short time – including cutting down a 60 second TV ad with a complex soundscape down to a 30 second version in 3 min and 30 sec (starts at 18:51).
[1:55] – Final Cut Pro X doesn’t need bins – the benefits of clips appearing in multiple places depending on metadata.
[6:30] – The benefits of string outs without the string outs
[7:01] – Building a complex soundscape from scratch
[14:19] – Audio lanes, no need for track-based audio organisation
[16:53] – Cutting down a 60-second UK TV commercial to a 30-second version
[22:15] – Playing back the 30-second cut
One of the big questions that Thomas often get’s asked is: What shortcuts are you using?
I don't change default shortcuts in #FCPX. I add.
These are for Retiming…
2x Speed ??R
4x Speed ??R
Reverse Clip ???R
Optical Flow ??O
— Thomas Grove Carter (@thomasgcarter) November 27, 2016
More #fcpx shortcuts I add…
Copy Timecode ???C
Paste Timecode ???R
Open Clip ?ENTER
Export XML ??
Join Clips ?/
— Thomas Grove Carter (@thomasgcarter) November 27, 2016
The thread of this tweet includes a helpful conversation about using the Copy and Paste Timecode functionality to find specific locations in projects, particularly when dealing with VFX notes which tend to be frame specific.
These are the #fcpx sound shortcuts I add
Silence Clip ?-
Reset Vol ?+
Toggle Fade In ?H
Toggle Fade Out ?J
Align A/V ?
Add to Soloed ??S
— Thomas Grove Carter (@thomasgcarter) November 27, 2016
and the final few keyboard shortcuts I add in #fcpx …
Show Audio Lanes ?S
Edit Roles ??S
Toggle Continuous Playback ?SPACE
— Thomas Grove Carter (@thomasgcarter) November 27, 2016
In-Depth FCPX Workflow Guide
Sam Mestman and Patrick Southern and Gergana Angelova from Luma Forge demonstrate an FCPX based-workflow presentation taking you from ingest to DCP delivery of a TV pilot called Off The Grid, all running from a Luma Forge JellyFish.
(Check out this post for a lot more detail on what the JellyFish is and why it’s so great.)
This 50 minute presentation will serve as a good overview of the 5-part article series detailed below.
If you want to take an exceptionally deep dive into putting a feature film or TV pilot through post-production then the epic 5-part Off The Grid series from Sam, hosted on FCP.co, is the training you need to absorb.
The behind the scenes video above helps to layout the entire workflow in under 3 minutes.
- Part 1 – Introduction and On-Set Editorial
- Part 2 – Organisation
- Part 3 – Editing
- Part 4 – Group Workflow and Finishing in FCPX
- Part 5 – Collaborating with Color, VFX & Audio Departments
The premise of the series is to share all of Sam’s intense workflow learning in the last few years that has helped him to spend less than 5% of what he spent in 2008, creating an independent production. And he hopes it can help you create the stories you want to tell too.
Here is what we were able to accomplish with Off The Grid (and you’ll be able to do this too after reading this series):
- Work in 6k from native RED RAW footage and original audio with no LUT’s or dailies required
- Automatically batch sync jam-synced sound and create synchronized/multicam clips and automatically apply sub-roles to multi channel wav files with Sync-N-Link X
- Add the Script Supervisor’s notes to footage via Shot Notes X, making them searchable in the Browser.
- Automatically batch re-name clips based on metadata
- Start editing while importing footage and create same day rough cuts of scenes.
- Easily work in FCPX in a shared environment
- Create synced dailies for review in the cloud with Frame.io
- Easily flip between offline and online resolution with a click of the button
- Automate a perfectly organized sound delivery with no track preparation with X2Pro
- Manage the color pipeline for theatrical, web, and broadcast and Color Graded for the theater in DCI-P3 with an inexpensive broadcast monitor
- Make a color accurate DCP, in-house for free
- Retain connections to media when going between machines/collaborators
- Pass VFX renders back and forth through the cloud in a mastering codec
Much of the speed and efficiency inherent in the workflow comes from the managing of metadata throughout the pipeline. Part 2 covers this in exhaustive detail and in many ways is a superb showcase of the functionality in FCPX that sets it apart from other NLEs.
I am convinced that it is significantly faster getting organized than it is with other NLE’s if you follow a few basic strategies. It is also exponentially faster finding the clips you’re looking for, as you get deeper into your edit, if you take proper advantage of some of the tools present in FCPX that simply don’t exist in other NLE’s.
Although much of the workflow relies on other third party ‘eco-system’ apps like Sync-N-Link or Shot Notes X, Sam also shares some insights on working with Custom Metadata in FCPX, without these apps, to batch rename his footage in seconds. (See the video below, or Custom Metadata in FCPX at the end of Part 2 of the Off The Grid series)
The entire 5-part series is well worth taking the time over, as are the embedded tutorial videos along the way. Check out the first part of the series on FCP.co here.
Independent Feature Film Workflow in FCPX
In another fantastic FCP.co article from co-writer/director and editor Geoffrey Orthwein, you can read up on his experience of using FCPX to edit and deliver independent sci-fi feature Bokeh.
Post-production began on version 10.1.4 and finished on 10.3.2. Part of what’s interesting to me about his decision making process in choosing to cut on FCPX is, the emphasise on what will be fun and joyful! It’s definitely something that should be considered more often.
I often get asked how Final Cut Pro X held up on the film. People want to know if I will use it again for another feature. I mentioned the fun part earlier, but there’s hard truth about independent filmmaking – post-production takes a looonngg time and you’re always racing for a deadline.
Rough cuts, polish cuts, fine cuts, sample cuts, VFX cuts. festival submissions, buyer screenings, picture lock, legal changes, preview screenings, reference movies for color grade, audio mix, foley, ADR, VFX, Blu-Ray discs and on and on.
You’re in a constant state of iterating for the next deliverable and that is where FCPX excels.
Whether its minor changes, full re-cuts, or just another reference movie, the speed and facility to go through this iteration process in Final Cut Pro X makes even these utilitarian tasks joyful.
The whole post has lots of great production and post production details that should inform and inspire you on your next project in FCPX.
Over-framing like David Fincher for a Centre Extraction in FCPX
In this final, 3-part find from FCP.co, filmmaker Robin Moran shared the fruit of his R&D on re-creating the Fincher-workflow-favourite of over-shooting a much larger resolution image than he plans to deliver in to have greater creative flexibility in post.
By shooting at 6K (6144 x 3072) and delivering at 4K (4036 x 1706) there is plenty of room to either re-frame or post stabilise the image, for a silky smooth look.
— Cinetic Studios (@CineticStudios) October 9, 2014
For Robin to achieve this process in FCPX he also had to do his own resolution specific calculations and figure out how to get the FCPX viewer to show an image that was bigger than the project for the ‘look around’. The answer to this turned out to be setting the Spacial Conform to ‘none’.
In Part 2 Robin followed up with some answers to common questions from readers on the process of moving the footage into Resolve and Pro Tools, as well as why he chose to use Pro Res instead of REDRAW and other things.
In Part 3 Robin covers the changes the 10.3 update makes to the workflow and a few other updates to the workflow.